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src="http://cmsimgshow.zhuchao.cc/28056/201611291052122292805649504.jpg?path=zhayiyang.net/uploads/cp/201611291052122292805649504.jpg" /></p><p style="text-indent:2em;">结构的抗震等级是混凝土结构设计的重要指标,依据结构类型、结构的重要性程度、抗震设防要求和场地条件见不同的建筑物划分为四个抗震等级。对框剪结构,在基本振型下若框架部分承担的地震倾覆力矩大于结构总倾覆力矩?0%时,框架部分的抗震等级按框架确定,最大适用高度可比框架-剪力墙结构适当降低?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">裙房和主楼相连时,裙房的抗震等级除按裙房本身确定外还不应低于主楼的抗震等级。这里主楼的抗震等级宜理解为主楼框架的抗震等级和主楼剪力墙的抗震等级。即裙房剪力墙的抗震等级不宜低于主楼剪力墙的抗震等级,裙房框架的抗震等级不宜低于主楼框架的抗震等级。当裙房为框架,而主楼为剪力墙时,裙房框架的抗震等级不宜低于主楼剪力墙的抗震等级?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">主楼、裙房不分开时,主楼采用剪力墙,裙房采用框架。裙房顶上一层以上部分的剪力墙的抗震等级可按原高度的剪力墙结构确定抗震等级,但裙房范围内的主楼的抗震等级,应考虑裙房的影响。即根据裙房的面积的大小综合考虑主楼的结构形式和主楼的抗震等级。当裙房面积较小时应采用以下两种结构形式进行包络设计?、不考虑裙房的抗侧作用,所有的剪力由主楼的剪力墙承?2、按框剪设计。此时主楼的抗震等级按原高度的剪力墙结构确定抗震等级,而裙房框架按裙房高度确定抗震等级。当裙房的面积较大时,主楼按原高度的框架剪力墙确定剪力墙的抗震等级,与主楼“相关范围内”的裙房的抗震等级不应低于主楼的抗震等级,即裙房框架按高度为原高度的框架剪力墙确定狂建的抗震等级。裙房框架的抗震等级还不应低于按裙房高度确定的框架的抗震等级。这里的相关范围内指的是两个标准跨不小于15m的范围。裙房偏置时,整个裙房都是相关范围?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">当裙房面积较大时应适当的设置剪力墙,以控制结构的扭转,同时避免裙房由框架结构确定抗震等级建筑,建筑抗震有几个等级提高结构设计的经济性?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;"></p><p style="text-indent:2em;"> <span style="color:#0020FF;">欢迎您阅?/span><span style="color:#0020FF;">?a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/68.html">【优选】结构胶性能较测的办?结构加固的适用性区?/a></span> <p style="text-indent:2em;">(一)建筑物结构加固基本方法</p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?加大截面法。该法是加大被加固结构截面面积的加固方法,它不但可提高被加固结构的承载力,而且可加大其截面刚度,但会减少使用空间和加大结构荷载?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?外包钢加固法。该法分干式外包钢和湿式外包钢两种形式,它对结构截面增加尺寸较少即提高其承载力,并增加其韧性和刚度?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?预应力加固法。该法是采用外包预应力钢拉杆或撑杆对结构进行加固处理的方法?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?改变传力途径法。该法是通过增设支点或托梁拔柱法以改变结构受力体系的加固方法?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?外部粘钢加固法。该法是在被加固构件外部,用胶粘剂粘贴钢板的加固方法?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?置换法。该法是通过对不合理的构件置换为合理的构件的方法,一般适用于强度较低的构件处理?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?其他修补方法。对结构裂缝或砖裂缝采用化学灌浆或为使钢筋混凝土保护层进行喷射混凝土及置换聚合物防水砂浆等处理?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">(二)建筑物地基与基础的加固方?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?基础加宽法。是直接加宽基础,以加大基础底面积的方法提高承载力?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?桩基托换法。是通过做桩将建筑物传至原地基基础的荷载安全地传至新做桩上,以满足承载力要求?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?复合地基法。是通过对建筑物基础底进行灌浆法和地基做建筑物地基与基本地基的加固方法双灰桩挤密地基,以提高地基土的承载力?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">(三)建筑物的纠偏扶正方?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?顶升纠偏。是采用千斤顶将建筑物顶起扶正?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?迫降纠偏。是通过局部扰动地基土或局部加荷迫使建筑物扶正的方法?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;">?综合纠偏。是采用顶升和迫降综合运用的纠偏法,以加快纠偏扶正的速度?/p><p style="text-indent:2em;"> 以上“建筑抗震有几个等级 建筑物地基与基本地基的加固方法”所介绍的内容就是关于建筑物地基与基本地基的加固方法的介绍,看了我们的文章后,如果您对了?a href="http://zhayiyang.net/supply/3.html">河南房屋加固公司</a>、等更多内容还有兴趣,请点击我们的新闻列表一一查看?</p> <p> <span>本文关键词:</span><span>建筑 地基 抗震 等级 结构 主楼 框架</span> </p> </div> <div class="n_article_next"><div>上一?<a href="84.html">【图片】承重墙拆除后常用的加固办法 钢结构安装时应注意哪些问?/a></div> <div>下一?<a href="82.html">【技巧】工程加固的使用一般按什么程序进?喷射混凝土加固法的特?/a></div> </div> <div class="tag">相关标签?a href='/key.aspx?k=%bf%b9%d5%f0'>抗震</a>,<a href='/key.aspx?k=%b5%c8%bc%b6'>等级</a>,<a href='/key.aspx?k=%bd%e1%b9%b9'>结构</a>,<a href='/key.aspx?k=%d6%f7%c2%a5'>主楼</a>,<a href='/key.aspx?k=%bf%f2%bc%dc'>框架</a>,</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <div class="related"> <div class="related_t">相关产品</div> <div class="c_product_b" > </div> <div class="clear"></div> <div class="related_t">相关新闻</div> <dl class="news_re"> <ul> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/324.html" rel="nofollow">【精选】增设支点加固时怎么办_合理选择加固方法</a><span></span></li> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/323.html" rel="nofollow">【推荐】为何越来越多的建筑选择钢结构_工程加固的方法有哪些</a><span></span></li> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/322.html" rel="nofollow">【原创】工程加固的要求_钢结构建筑的优点是什?/a><span></span></li> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/319.html" rel="nofollow">【技巧】工程加固的使用一般按什么程序进?喷射混凝土加固法的特?/a><span></span></li> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/209.html" rel="nofollow">【精华】桥梁加固施工要考虑的因?承重墙打孔出现的影响</a><span></span></li> <li><a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/205.html" rel="nofollow">【知识】常用的加固方法有哪?钢结构安装应注意什么问?/a><span></span></li> </ul> </dl> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> <div class="link"> <div class="link-nr"> <div class="link-mn"> <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/" rel="nofollow">网站首页</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/about/" rel="nofollow">关于我们</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/supply/" rel="nofollow">产品中心</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/news/" rel="nofollow">新闻中心</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/download/" rel="nofollow">资质荣誉</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/about/about2.html" rel="nofollow">在线留言</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/contact/" rel="nofollow">联系我们</a>| <a href="/weibo/" rel="nofollow">企业微博</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/sitemap.html" rel="nofollow">网站地图</a>| <a href="http://zhayiyang.net/sitemap.xml" rel="nofollow">XML</a> </div> <div class="link-nrl"> Copyright © <a href="http://zhayiyang.net" rel="nofollow">河南达邦建筑加固改造有限公?/a>    <a href="http://www.miitbeian.gov.cn/"> 豫ICP?3021200?/a>    技术支持:云朔网络 <p>总部:河南达邦建筑加固改造有限公? 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