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目前,工程上经常采用的钢筋混凝土结构补强加固方法主要有:<br />     1. 增大截面加固?br />     增大截面加固法是通过增加原构件的受力钢筋,同时在外侧重新浇筑混凝土以增加构件的截面尺寸,来达到提高承载力的目的。其优点是可以同时增大构件的刚度、承载力和变形能力,部分情况下也可以加强连接的可靠性。因此,被广泛地用于加固钢筋混凝土结构的梁板结构和柱结构。补浇的混凝土可能处于受拉区,对补加的钢筋起到粘结和保护作用;也可能处于受压区,加大了构件的有效高度,从而提高了构件的抗弯、抗剪承载能力,加强了构件的刚度,改善了构件的受力能力?br />     2. 外包钢加固法<br />     外包钢加固法是在结构构件的四角或两面包以型钢的一种加固方法。它的优点是:在构件在截面尺寸增加不多的情况下,大幅度提高构件承载能力,增大延性和刚度。主要用于混凝土柱、梁、屋架和砖窗间墙的加固处理。习惯上,把型钢直接外包于原柱(与原柱间没有粘结),或虽塞有水泥沙浆但不能保证结合面剪力有效传递的外包钢法称为干式外包钢加固法。而将在型钢与原柱间留有一定间距,并在其间添塞乳胶水泥浆或环氧沙浆或浇灌细石混凝土,将两者粘结成一体的加固方法称为湿式外包钢加固法?br />     3. 预应力加固法<br />     预应力加固方法是采用外加预应力钢拉杆(分水平拉杆、下撑式拉杆和组合式拉杆)或撑杆,对结构进行加固的方法。它可在几乎不改变使用空间的条件下,使结构构件的正截面及斜截面承载力得到提高。预加应力能有效地消除或减缓后加杆件的应力滞后现象,使后加杆件有效地参与工作。预应力筋所产生的负弯矩可以部分抵消荷载弯矩,减少原梁的挠度,缩小原梁的裂缝宽度,甚至可使其完全闭合。因此,预应力加固法被广泛用于加固混凝土梁受弯构件和受压构件(用预应力顶撑加固)?br />     4. 粘钢加固?br /> <p>559     粘负加固法是在钢筋混凝土构件表面用特制的建筑结构胶粘接钢板,是提高结构承载能力和变形能力的一种加固方法。该方法的优点是简单、快速,施工时对生产活动和居民生活影响比较小。外部粘贴钢板加固法常被用来加固承受静力荷载作用下的风筋混凝土受弯、受拉构件?</p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="/uploads/image/20170115/20170115113340_9967.jpg" alt="" /> </p>     5. 喷射混凝土技?br />     喷射混凝土是借助喷射机械,利用压缩空气或其他动力,将一定比例配合的拌合料,通过管道输送并以高速喷射到受喷面上凝结硬化而成的一种混凝土。喷射混凝土具有较高的力学性能和良好的耐久性。特别是与混凝土、砖石、钢材有很高的粘接强度,可以在结合面上传递补拉应力和剪应力?br />     6. 水泥压浆补强?br />     水泥压浆补强法是将水泥浆液压注到结构构件的蜂窝、孔洞或裂缝中,充填并团结这些深层缺陷,以达到补强加固的目的。其优点是强度高、材料来源广、价格低廉,运输、储存方便,灌浆工艺简单?br />     7. 化学灌浆补强?br />     化学灌浆补强法,就是将一定的化学材料配制成浆液,用压送设备将其灌入缝隙内,并使其扩散、胶凝或固化,达到补强的目的。化学灌浆材料具有较好的可灌性,而且能按工程需要调节浆液的胶凝时间。可以根据工程的不同要求,选择有针对性的灌浆材料?br />     8. 隔震、消震法<br />     此法是设法在原结构的基础上外加和内加隔震层和附加隔震部件及震动控制装置,来达到抗震修复加固的目的。隔震、消震法主要被用于预防及减少地震所带来的不良后果?br />     上述内容是关于加固补强方法的相关资讯,如果您想了解更多的相关资讯,可以继续关注我们的网站?br /> </div> <div class="n_article_next"><div>上一?<a href="43.html">加固公司简述建筑裂缝的危害</a></div> <div>下一?<a href="41.html">郑州地基加固公司简述碳纤维加固的注意事?/a></div> </div> <div class="tag">相关标签?a href='/key.aspx?k=%ba%d3%c4%cf%bc%d3%b9%cc%b9%ab%cb%be'>河南加固公司</a>,<a href='/key.aspx?k=%d6%a3%d6%dd%b5%d8%bb%f9%bc%d3%b9%cc%b9%ab%cb%be'>郑州地基加固公司</a>,<a 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